ICOMOS University Forum Volume 1 - "A contemporary provocation: reconstructions as tools of future-making"

Visuel volume1 UF rezized

The papers in this first collection derive from The ICOMOS University Forum Workshop “A contemporary provocation: reconstructions as tools of future-making” held 13–15 March 2017 at ICOMOS International Headquarters in Paris, France. The meeting constituted a pilot project of the new ICOMOS University Forum to stimulate dialogues between academics and heritage experts.  

Editorial board: Prof. Cornelius Holtorf, Prof. Loughlin Kealy, Prof. Toshiyuki Kono

ISSN: 2616-6968

About the workshop 



Aljawabra, Alkindi 

Heritage, Conflict and Reconstructions: From Reconstructing Monuments to Reconstructing Societies. 

Benson, Ciaran

Authenticity’ for the Visited or for the Visitors? ‘Collective Memory’, ‘Collective Imagination’ and a View from the Future.

Bezerra, Marcia

When the ruins are gone: the sensible dimension of the heritage reconstructions 

Crișan, Rodica

Uses and Abuses of Reconstruction. 

Garcia-Esparza, Juan

Clarifying dynamic authenticity in cultural heritage. A look at vernacular built environments. 

Garraffoni, Renata Senna 

Heritage and multivocal history: Can past inspire new futures? 

Holtorf, Cornelius

Conservation and heritage as future-making. 

Khalaf, Roha W. 

An extended viewpoint on reconstruction in the World Heritage context: towards new guidance. 

Munawar, Nour A.

Rebuilding Aleppo: Public Engagement in Post-Conflict Reconstruction. 

Okahashi, Junko

Identification of “exceptional circumstances” where reconstruction of cultural heritage is accepted. 

Patiño Osorio, Mariana

The permanence of built environment - Authenticity and Reconstruction: the keys. 

Piazzoni, Maria Francesca

In Support of Stylistic Reconstructions: Some Thoughts on Authenticity and Justice. 

Sulfaro, Nino

Reconstruction And Conservation In The Post-Truth Era. Historical Lies, Authenticity, Material Evidence.

Soufan, Anas 

Post-war Reconstruction, Authenticity and Development of Cultural Heritage in Syria. 


A contemporary provocation: reconstructions as tools of future-making (Paris, 13-15 March 2017)

The workshop was organised by ICOMOS and made possible by support from Kyushu University, Japan. Visuel volume1 UF rezizedThe members of the working group preparing both the workshop and the publication were Cornelius Holtorf (Linnaeus University, Sweden), Loughlin Kealy (University College Dublin, Ireland), Toshiyuki Kono (ICOMOS/ Kyushu University, Japan) and Marie-Laure Lavenir (ICOMOS, France). We are very grateful for the assistance of Maureen Pelletier, Gaia Jungeblodt, and Lucile Smirnov at ICOMOS.

Papers published in ICOMOS University Forum Volume 1 

Full academic papers published in International Journal of Cultural Property 26 (2), 2020


About the workshop 13-15 March 2017

Reconstruction of inheritance results from heritage processes associated with post-war or post-catastrophe recovery and societal reconstruction. Reconstructions are new and the result of changes to the pre-existing heritage. It can be argued that, in addition to their being a form of witness, they are also themselves valuable as heritage to the extent that they possess pastness and contribute to societal future-making. In addition, recent research suggests that heritage values are not inherent in the tangible fabric of heritage but derive from its intangible perceptions and uses in society. Finally, it can be argued that reconstructions, whether creative or faithful, enhance the societal benefits of heritage, for example by providing communities with a common purpose and promoting joint values of peaceful cohabitation.

The 2014 Nara+20 document (2014) recognises that “cultural heritage undergoes a continuous process of evolution” and that any assessments of heritage values need to “accommodate changes over time in perceptions and attitudes”. The document also acknowledges that “the concept of cultural heritage itself assumes diverse forms and processes”. It also recommends further work “on methodologies for assessing this broader spectrum of cultural forms and processes, and the dynamic interrelationship between tangible and intangible heritage”. In this context, debates on authenticity and reconstruction should be revisited.

These issues were discussed during the workshop in accordance with the following themes to contribute to refining ICOMOS thinking in the process of developing new policy regarding reconstructions in post-traumatic situations and beyond.

Theme 1: From Nara to Nara+20: where is authenticity now?

Authenticity has long been the normative framework for discussions about reconstruction.  Thirty years after the Venice Charter, the Nara Document recognized the cultural dimension of development. Since then the interrelationship between heritage and society obtained practical significance and intensified in many ways. Today, authenticity is back on the agenda and turns out to be a complex topic of different definitions and perspectives brought to bear on a variety of contemporary reconstructions of the past. This is the context where we should approach authenticity today to ask ourselves “where are we now”?

Theme 2: Creating heritage – making futures?

It has long been held that the legacy of the past needs to be conserved for the benefit of future generations, as well as for our own. In conserving what we received we have created “heritage”. In this theme, we ask about the positive contributions that such heritage can make to the lives of future generations, in the light of the impacts of historical, cultural and natural changes and transformations. How will what we now accept as heritage improve specific futures? Is there a role for reconstructions?

Theme 3: Conservation as management

Conservation has long been considered as the management of change. A primary change has been in understanding the scope of the legacy. In parallel, the range of stakeholders has extended beyond the traditional conservation disciplines and authorities to encompass disparate social groups and communities, participants in identifying and valorising aspects of the legacy, including its potential reconstructions. We ask what consequences for reconstruction flow from this process of change, from the shift in the social roles, powers and capacities that are brought to bear, including the implications for understanding, resource allocation and knowledge and cultural development.

The Workshop was run as an intensive, exploratory experience in which the participants engaged in open discussion in a multi-disciplinary environment. The participants were selected on the basis of extended abstract submitted in advance. During the workshop the participants were assigned one of the three themes and actively contributed to the discussion within their group. However, for one session the participants all changed into another theme. There were also plenary sessions. A summary of the workshop was published by Tim Winter (2017).

Each paper included in the present volume was originally accepted by one of the participants as an abstract but finalised after the workshop, reviewed, resubmitted and eventually accepted for publication. In order to be selected the papers were to be not only relevant to the overall theme and intentions of the workshop but also explicitly informed by the discussions that took place during the workshop.


NARA + 20, 2014. On heritage practices, cultural values, and the concept of authenticity. Document adopted by the participants at the Meeting on the 20th Anniversary of the Nara Document on Authenticity, held at Nara, Japan, from 22-24 October 2014, at the invitation of the Agency for Cultural Affairs (Government of Japan), Nara Prefecture and Nara City. http://www.japan-icomos.org/pdf/nara20_final_eng.pdf  

Winter, T. 2017. ICOMOS University Forum Workshop on Authenticity and Reconstructions, Paris, 13-15 March 2017. Post Workshop Summary. http://www.criticalheritagestudies.org/announcements-1/2017/4/2/post-workshop-summary-icomos-university-forum-workshop-on-authenticity-and-reconstructions-13-15-march-2017


ICOMOS University Forum

IMAGE University Forum thumbnailThis ICOMOS Forum aims at gathering universities and other affiliated cultural institutions that will operate independently of the ICOMOS National Committees. The overarching goal is to launch a flexible operational forum where global cooperation among universities and ICOMOS can quickly lead to identifying pressing issues and to incubate and develop creative solutions.

As key issues will be studied, the ICOMOS University Forum will make the output available in the form of thematic volumes.

Publisher: ICOMOS International
11 rue du Séminaire de Conflans
94220 Charenton-le-Pont
Country: France

Editor: Prof. Toshiyuki Kono
ISSN : 2616-6968


A contemporary provocation: reconstructions as tools of future-making. Selected papers from the ICOMOS University Forum Workshop on Authenticity and Reconstructions, Paris, 13-15 March 2017


To the Future: Thinking and Planning the Future in Heritage Management, Amsterdam, 11-14 June 2019


Knowledge Areas for Heritage Education, online, 3-4 June 2022

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