Yearly Evaluations volumes

Année / Year



1999 PDF - 4,30 MB PDF 4 MB
2000 PDF - 2 MB PDF - 2,5 MB
2001 PDF - 1,8 MB PDF - 1,8 MB
2002 PDF - 800 KB PDF - 850 KB
2003 PDF - 1,6 MB PDF - 1,7 MB
2004 PDF - 5 MB PDF - 5,2 MB
2005 PDF - 19 MB PDF - Partie I - 11,2 MB
PDF - Partie II - 10,6 MB
2006 PDF - 57 MB PDF - 59,2 MB
2007 PDF - 54,5 MB PDF - 54,4 MB
2008 PDF - 150 MB PDF - 150 MB
2009 PDF - 180 MB PDF - 180 MB
2010 PDF - 141 MB  PDF - 102 MB
2011 PDF - 56,7 MB PDF - 56,7 MB
2012 PDF - 44 MB PDF - 46 MB 
2013 PDF - 32,7 MB PDF - 46 MB 
2014 PDF - 38,9 MB PDF - 41 MB 
2015 PDF - 60,1 MB PDF - 60,2 MB
2016 PDF - 80,7 MB PDF - 86,2 MB
2017 PDF - 71,4 MB PDF - 74 MB
2018 PDF - 13,3 MB PDF - 13,6 MB
2019 PDF - 57,6 MB PDF - 59,2 MB

Advances in current practice

World Heritage Resource Manuals

ICOMOS contributed to a series of resource manuals jointly prepared by the Advisory Bodies (ICOMOS, IUCN and ICCROM) and the UNESCO World Heritage Centre. These manuals contribute to training and capacity-building in areas where States Parties and World Heritage Site managers require increased support, such as management of natural and cultural World Heritage, preparation of nominations and disaster risk management. See the World Heritage Resource Manuals

Connecting Practice project in collaboration with IUCN

The World Heritage Convention brings together nature and culture in a single international conservation instrument. Nevertheless, a divide is still often observed between these two areas. The Connecting Practice Project is a joint initiative of ICOMOS and IUCN launched in 2013 to promote a more global consideration of cultural and natural heritage within the framework of the World Heritage Convention. It aims to develop conceptual and practical approaches that recognize the interaction between natural and cultural values of heritage properties. The first stage of the project ended in 2015. See the final report of the Connecting Practice project


Photo:  Konso cultural landscape, Ethiopia © Flickr / David Stanley

Conceptual reflections

Activities on post-trauma reconstruction

In 2016, ICOMOS brought together experts from around the world in a series of symposiums and seminars focusing on post-trauma reconstruction. These activities have been organized in response to the scale and persistence of damage to World Heritage caused by natural disasters and conflict situations in recent years. Eventually, ICOMOS will produce guidance intended for States Parties dealing with the complex process of rebuilding their heritage. See the proceedings of the symposium on post-trauma reconstruction of 4 March 2016

World Heritage and sustainable development

In 2015, the General Assembly of States Parties to the World Heritage Convention adopted the Policy for the Integration of a Sustainable Development Perspective into the Processes of the World Heritage Convention. Implementation of this policy’s provisions is at the heart of ICOMOS’ priorities. ICOMOS is committed to supporting the policy and promoting its application within the World Heritage community and the general public. See the Policy for the Integration of a Sustainable Development Perspective into the Processes of the World Heritage Convention.

World Heritage and human rights

Since 2011, the Advisory Bodies to the World Heritage Convention have been implementing actions to better understand the place of human rights in World Heritage activities. The World Heritage and rights-based approaches project, led by ICOMOS, IUCN and ICCROM in 2014, promoted good practice regarding human rights and developed tools for higher consideration of these rights within the Advisory Bodies’ work. The project was structured around a number of case studies presented and discussed at a workshop held in Oslo in early April 2014. More information on World Heritage and rights-based approaches


Photo : Mostar bridge, Bosnia-Herzegovina © Flickr / Alexandrino Arthur

Studies on the World Heritage List

One of Hamas waterwheel on the Orontes river Syria copyright Nancy Goldring banque dimages ICOMOS


Thematic Studies

ICOMOS undertakes comparative and thematic studies, often with partner organizations, in order to provide a synthesis of current research and knowledge on a specific theme and/or region. In particular, these studies provide State Parties wishing to submit a property for inscription on the World Heritage List with a framework to carry out comparative analyses. See Thematic Studies


The World Heritage List: Filling the gaps - An Action Plan for the Future

Commonly referred to as the "Gap Report", this 2005 report is the result of a study carried out as part of the Global Strategy for a Balanced, Representative and Credible World Heritage List. Through an analysis of the properties inscribed on the World Heritage List, this publication identifies the categories of sites and the regions that are best and least represented today. It also observes the trends for the future revealed by the tentative lists, before suggesting measures to achieve a better representativeness of the World Heritage List. ICOMOS is currently working on the updating of this study. See the Gap Report


Photo: One of Hama's waterwheels on Orontes river (Syria) © Nancy Goldring / ICOMOS

Assistance provided to States Parties by ICOMOS

Apart from its responsibilities as to the evaluation and monitoring of World Heritage cultural sites, ICOMOS offers its services to States Parties that encounter difficulties in meeting the requirements of the World Heritage Convention. It can intervene at various stages of the inscription process of a site, namely:

Beforehand: ICOMOS can advise a State Party for a site that has not yet been nominated. At this stage, it can undertake a feasibility study to ascertain whether the property could be a sound future nomination, provide advice on the logic behind the site's boundaries or on the methodology used for the comparative analysis part of the nomination dossier, etc. In no case can ICOMOS participate in the drafting of the actual dossier. Its role is simply to guide the work of the State Party in the right direction. In this regard, ICOMOS encourages States Parties to organize and improve their Tentative List before preparing nomination dossiers. This preliminary work, which ICOMOS can also help with, enables the identification of the most promising properties in the country and the optimization of time and financial resources by concentrating from the outset on the sites most likely to get inscribed on the World Heritage List.

Afterwards: ICOMOS can provide assistance to a State Party that is experiencing specific problems in relation to a site already inscribed on the World Heritage List. For instance, it can give technical advice on issues such as the building of a new development project, the updating of the management plan, the restoration of a monument, etc.

The assistance provided by ICOMOS can take different forms: it generally involves a substantial desk review, an on-site mission and direct discussions with the concerned State Party. After these exchanges, ICOMOS produces a final report to be delivered to the State Party, a copy of which is also sent to the World Heritage Centre. Unlike evaluation and monitoring activities, this service is not automatically funded by the World Heritage Fund. The State Party may, however, submit a request for international financial assistance to the World Heritage Centre.

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