ICOMOS 2015 expert mission in the framework of the World Heritage nominations for the year 2016 -Archaeological Site of Ani
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Exterior view of the city walls made of colored stones.
"This site is located on a secluded plateau of northeast Turkey
overlooking a ravine that forms a natural border with Armenia. This
medieval city combines residential, religious and military structures,
characteristic of a medieval urbanism built up over the centuries by
Christian and then Muslim dynasties. The city flourished in the 10th and
11th centuries CE when it became the capital of the medieval Armenian
kingdom of the Bagratides and profited from control of one branch of the
Silk Road. Later, under Byzantine, Seljuk and Georgian sovereignty, it
maintained its status as an important crossroads for merchant caravans.
The Mongol invasion and a devastating earthquake in 1319 marked the
beginning of the city’s decline. The site presents a comprehensive
overview of the evolution of medieval architecture through examples of
almost all the different architectural innovations of the region between
the 7th and 13th centuries CE."Source UNESCO WHC.