Ali Pasha Monument in Ioannina, Greece: Bridge of Cultural heritage, West and East

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ioannina

Ioannina in  1789 the city became the center of the territory  ruled by Ali Pasha, an area that included the entire northwestern part of Greece, southern parts of  Albania, Thessaly as well as parts of Euboea and Peloponnese. The Ottoman-Albanian lord Ali Pasha was one of the most influential personalities of the region in the 18th and 19th centuries.  He maintained diplomatic relations with the most important European leaders of the time and his court became a point of attraction for many of those restless minds who would become major figures of the Greek Revolution (Georgios Karaiskakis, Odysseas Adroutsos, Markos Botsaris and others). Although during this time Ali Pasha committed a number of atrocities against the Greek population of Ioannina, culminating in the sewing up of local women in sacks and drowning them in the nearby lake, this period of his rule coincides with the greatest economic and intellectual prosperity of the city. As a couplet has it "The city was first in arms, money and letters".

When the French scholar Francois Pouqueville visited the city during the early years of the 19th century, he counted 3,200 homes (2,000 Christian, 1,000 Muslim, 200 Jewish). The efforts of Ali Pasha to break away from the Sublime Porte alarmed the Ottoman government, and in 1820 (the year before the Greek War Independence began) he was declared guilty of treason and Ioannina was besieged by Turkish troops. 

Greece
Ioannina, Epirus, Greece
August 30th, 2017
Georgiou Efthymios - Spyridon
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