Les objectifs et le rôle des comités scientifiques internationaux sont précisés dans les Principes d'Eger-X'ian, document de travail adopté lors de la 15e Assemblée générale de l'ICOMOS en 2005.
« Les Comités [scientifiques] internationaux (CSI) sont pour l'ICOMOS le moyen de rassembler, développer et servir ses membres dans le monde entier dans ses domaines d'intérêt spécialisés. L'ICOMOS invite les CSI à être au cœur de la recherche et des échanges scientifiques dans leurs domaines et à partager leurs connaissances afin de favoriser une approche multidisciplinaire de la protection et de la gestion du patrimoine, dans l'accomplissement des objectifs de l'ICOMOS comme indiqué à l'article 5.b . de ses statuts: « Recueill[ir], approfond[ir] et diffus[er] les informations concernant les principes, les techniques et les politiques de sauvegarde, de conservation, de protection, d'animation, d'utilisation et de mise en valeur des monuments, ensembles et sites. »
- ISCARSAH - Comité international pour l'analyse et la restauration des structures du patrimoine architectural
- ISCEAH - Comité international sur le patrimoine de l’architecture en terre
- CIAV - Comité international sur l’architecture vernaculaire
- CAR - Comité international pour l'art rupestre
- IIWC - Comité international du bois
- CIPA – Comité international pour la Documentation du patrimoine
- ISCEC - Comité international sur l'économie de la conservation
- ISCES - Comité scientifique international sur l'énergie et le développement durable
- ICAHM - Comité international de la gestion du patrimoine archéologique
- ICIP - Comité international sur l’interprétation et présentation des sites culturels patrimoniaux
- CIIC - Comité international des itinéraires culturels
- CIF - Comité international pour la formation
- IcoFort - Comité international sur les fortifications et le patrimoine militaire
- ISCSBH - Comité international sur le patrimoine bâti partagé
- ICICH - Comité international sur le patrimoine culturel immatériel
- ICUCH– Comité international du patrimoine culturel subaquatique
- IPHC - Comité international pour le patrimoine historique polaire
- ICOMOS – IFLA - Comité international des paysages culturels
- ISC20C – Comité scientifique international sur le patrimoine du 20e siècle
- ISCMP - Comité scientifique international pour les peintures murales
- ISCS - Comité scientifique international de la pierre
- ICORP - Comité international sur la préparation aux risques
- ICLAFI - Comité international sur les questions légales, administratives et financières
- PRERICO - Comité international sur les sites de religion et de rituels
- Comité international sur la théorie et la philosophie de la Conservation et de la Restauration
- ICTC – Comité international sur le tourisme culturel
- CIVVIH – Comité international des villes et villages historiques
- ISCV- Comité international sur le vitrail
(for the time being, available only in English - Pour l'instant, disponible uniquement en anglais)
(extracts from Eger-Xi’an Principles for The International [Scientific] Committees of ICOMOS, July 2008)
A. General principles
1. The various membership categories in the ISCs shall be open to all members of ICOMOS, within the provisions stated below. It is the intention of ICOMOS that its ISCs continually gather a membership that will include the most recognized experts in its field of specialization, be representative of all of the world regions or pertinent regions, and recruit young or beginning professionals seeking such specialization; and that all be given ample opportunities and stimulus to become actively engaged in the work of the Committee. A structure of membership is recommended, as follows.
2. All members of the ISCs shall be familiar with the Statement of Ethical Commitment first adopted by ICOMOS in Madrid in 2002, and abide by it at all times. Failure to behave accordingly may result in dismissal.
3. All ISCs are to adopt criteria for minimum participation for all members, as well as grounds to exclude inactive members.
4. The categories of members for the ISCs will consist of the following, each with specific rights and responsibilities.
B. Expert Members
1. There are no numerical limits to the number of Expert Members in an ISC. Any member of ICOMOS with proven or established expertise in the relevant field may be an Expert Member of the Committee. It is up to each ISC to adopt minimum criteria and a transparent and well-understood methodology to assess and verify the individual competence and expertise of applicants as well as to terminate the membership of a given Expert Member. All Expert Members must be ICOMOS members and may remain members so long as they are ICOMOS members and meet the ISC criteria for participation.
2. Experts Members may be nominated by their National Committee, be self-nominated, or directly invited by the ISC. Nominations may be accepted at any time. 3 Expert Members shall have the right to participate in any aspect of the work of the committee. 4. Voting at elections of the ISC bureaux as well as on amending the ISC’s statutes will be done by Expert Members designated by the National Committee, restricted to one per state. In the event that the ISC considers the designated member to be unsatisfactory, it can appeal before the SC which will make a recommendation to the Executive Committee re that designation. All other issues and decisions shall be voted on by all Expert Members, without limitation.
C. Associate Members
1. Members of ICOMOS who wish to gain knowledge and build up an expertise in a given field through active volunteer work may apply to be an Associate Member of an ISC.
2. The ISC will select Associate Members from among the applicants. The ISCs will strive to incorporate Associate Members in their work.
3. Associate Members are conditionally accepted for a period of three years, after which time their contribution to the Committee will be evaluated using a transparent and well-understood methodology to assess their contributions to the Committee. The Associate Membership shall be: a) Extended for another similar period of time, with a maximum of three such triennial extensions, or b) Upgraded to Expert Member, or c) Rejected on the basis of no participation or unsatisfactory performance.
4. When appropriate, an ISC may ask a National Committee to designate one or more Associate Members to help build up the particular expertise in countries where such a need exists.
5. Associate Members are accorded no voting rights. -
D. Non-ICOMOS Members
Non-ICOMOS Members who can make an important contribution to the ISC may be invited to participate in committee meetings and activities and will be encouraged to apply for ICOMOS membership. Non-ICOMOS Members are accorded no voting rights. No person should be a voting member unless he/she is in good standing of ICOMOS (or the other organization where there is a joint committee e.g. ICOMOS/IFLA).
E. Institutional Members
When in the interest of ICOMOS and of an ISC, and at the ISC’s discretion, the optional category of Institutional Membership may be established as follows:
1. Institutional Members shall be institutions, academic programs, government agencies, or any other juridical entity whose work and mission are closely aligned to those of the ISC.
2. Acceptance of an Institutional Member shall be through ballots from Expert Members.
3. Institutional Memberships will be valid for one triennium, and may be renewed indefinitely for additional three-year periods.
4. An Institutional Member may designate from its staff one person with the required qualifications to be its representative and spokesperson in the Committee. The Committee may accept that individual as an Expert Member. 5. Institutional Members are accorded no voting rights. However, if the Institutional Member has a representative accepted as an Expert Member of the Committee, that Expert Member shall have the same voting rights as any other Expert Member.
F. Honorary Members
Honorary Members may be proposed for election by Expert Members of the Committee. Honorary Members may participate in all activities of the Committee. Honorary Members area accorded no voting rights. Honorary Members may use the title of: “Honorary Member, ICOMOS ***** Committee.”
(for the time being, available only in English - Pour l'instant, disponible uniquement en anglais)
The Scientific Council (extracts from Eger-Xi’an Principles for The International [Scientific] Committees of ICOMOS, July 2008)
1. The Council will consist of the President of each ISC or his/her designated deputy, with the allowance that the specific statutes of an ISC may ordain a different selection process for its representative to the Scientific Council. A designated deputy will be eligible for election as an officer or representative to the Executive Committee. Each Scientific Council member is entitled to one vote on matters before the Scientific Council.
2. The Council shall elect three officers from among its membership to oversee the activities of the Council. These officers shall be from different ISCs and shall be elected to three-year terms to coincide with the election of the Advisory Committee President. The officers shall distribute the duties and responsibilities among themselves as they determine to best meet the needs of the Scientific Council. The officers may co-opt other ISC members to assist them in their work.
3. The officers shall represent the interests of the ISCs in the Executive Committee of ICOMOS. Representatives shall serve as active liaisons between the Council and Executive Committee and shall communicate regularly with the members of each of the two bodies. Representatives should take a lead in raising international awareness of the capabilities of the ISCs as well as in developing strategies to support ISC activities.
4. The duties of the Scientific Council are:
a) Serve as the coordinating body of the ISCs.
b) Meet at least once a year in conjunction with, and also separate from, the annual meeting of the Advisory Committee of ICOMOS.
c) Prepare a summary annual report on ISC activities and progress made on the Scientific Plan.
d) Advise the Executive Committee on best practices and performances, as well as best use of the ISC resources, as they relate to the advisory and contractual duties of ICOMOS to UNESCO, the World Heritage Centre, ICCROM and any other international, regional or national heritage organization.
e) Develop and oversee the implementation of a 3-year Scientific Plan with a corresponding budget, and present it to the General Assembly for its adoption as part of the ICOMOS Work Programme required in Article 9 of the Statutes. The Scientific Plan shall be drafted in broad consultation with the ISC membership; it shall be multi-disciplinary in nature and will define areas and methods of inter-ISC cooperation. The Plan / Programme shall include clear objectives, a work plan, and a strategy for its completion; the budget will include the identification of existing and potential revenue sources.
f) Identify gaps among the ISC fields of specialization, and make appropriate recommendations to fill them.
g) Look for ways to render more effective and available to all of ICOMOS the expertise of the ISC members and the overall work of the ISCs, especially in the conceptualization and organization of the triennial Symposium of ICOMOS.
h) Adopt a process for the triennial performance evaluation of each ISC; carry out such evaluation; and convey its results and pertinent recommendations to the Executive Committee of ICOMOS as part of its annual report.
i) Receive, evaluate and formulate appropriate responses to requests for technical assistance from the Executive, Advisory, and National Committees of ICOMOS.
j) Receive and evaluate proposals for the formation of new ISCs and make recommendations concerning their approval to the Executive Committee of ICOMOS.
k) Formulate its own recommendation, or evaluate recommendations from others, regarding the dissolution of existing ISCs.
l) Investigate issues or complaints regarding the activities, governance, policies or performance of an ISC, and take the appropriate action to solve them, or refer them to the Executive Committee of ICOMOS.
m) Work closely with the ICOMOS Secretary General, President, Treasurer -General, and Vice President responsible for ISCs to coordinate the work of the ISCs with the ICOMOS Secretariat, and to disseminate it to the heritage community and the general public.