Edited by Michael Petzet and John Ziesemer
The new World Report 2006/2007 on Monuments and Sites in Danger provides a broad spectrum of threats in the different regions of the world. Apart from 40 National Reports there are also current reports on cross-national topics, such as endangered rock paintings in North Africa and Australia, threats to vernacular architecture or to our archaeological heritage. Many of the threats discussed in the previous Heritage at Risk reports still exist, for instance dam projects in Turkey or threats to cultural heritage caused by military conflicts in Iraq and the Near East. Often conservation concerns are being sacrificed for purely commercial interests. This is being demonstrated for example by skyscraper projects in St Petersburg, Prague, Istanbul or Vienna exceeding all traditional dimensions or by the disfigurement of historic town quarters and cultural landscapes in countries such as Hungary, Romania or Moldova.
For the first time, the World Report 2006/2007 also contains a number of studies dealing with the effects of the worldwide climate change on our cultural heritage. Case studies demonstrate how different world regions, for instance the Canadian coastline, the Antarctic and Southern Europe, are already affected by climate change. Being aware of this interaction between natural and cultural heritage, ICOMOS has increased its commitment in Brazil by recently declaring the tropical rainforest of Amazonia a "monument of nature".
The complete report can be obtained in hard copy (free, except for the postage) from the ICOMOS Documentation Centre. Contact: documentation[at]icomos.org
- Foreword by Françoise Rivière, Assistant Director-General for Culture, UNESCO, Paris (EN/FR/ES)
- Introduction by Michael Petzet, President of ICOMOS (EN/FR/ES)
- Algeria: Mausoleum of Medracen in danger
- Argentina: Development pressures in cities
- Armenia: Castle Amberd
- Australia: Trends affecting Australia’s heritage at risk / Areas of inadequate policy responses
- Austria: High-rise buildings behind Belvedere Palace in Vienna – project for the area Main Station Vienna / Roof alteration to the department store Kastner & Öhler – an attack on the roofscape of Graz
- Azerbaijan: Destruction of the Armenian cemetery at Djulfa – continued Belarus: State of preservation of the historic city of Hrodna //"
- Brazil: Amazonia, monument of nature
- Bulgaria: Heritage in danger
- China: Government tackling Three Gorges’ hidden environmental threats
- Cyprus: The archaeological site on the hill of Agios Georgios (PA.SY.D.Y), Nicosia / Palaion Demarcheion, Nicosia / Akanthou – Liastrika / The Neolithic site of Apostolos Andreas – Kastros / Famagusta 2007: An appeal for international cooperation
- Czech Republic: Prague, high-rise buildings on Pankrac Plain
- Ecuador: Reconstrucción de la Torre-Campanario de la Compañia de Jesus en Quito / Ampliación del Palacio del Congreso Nacional
- Georgia: Jvari (Holy Cross) Monastery in Mtskheta
- Germany: Dresden, Waldschlösschen bridge / Museum Island Berlin / Historic centre of Stralsund / Upper Middle Rhine Valley / Bauhaus and its sites in Dessau / Protest against the demolition of the Telephone Cable Factory in Oberschöneweide (Berlin) / The mining destruction of Heuersdorf and threats to Nietzsche’s gravesite / Ochsenfurt: old bridge across the river Main threatened by demolition / Against the total commercialisation of the Olympic Park in Munich
- Greece: The Ancient Diolkos
- Hungary: ICOMOS Hungary’s “Historic Preservation Lemon Awards” / The improper paths of urban and real estate development / Report on the condition of the Old Jewish Quarter of Pest
- India: The temple sites at Telkupi (“Bhairavasthan”) – Jaina architectural remains submerged by Panchet Dam in Jharkhand and West Bengal / Rama Setu and Setusamudram project – Protest against channel passage through Adam’s Bridge / Successful protest against six-lane road proposed close to Humayun’s Tomb in New Delhi
- Iran: Earthquake damages
- Iraq: Attack against the Askariya Shrine (Golden Dome) in Samarra / The ongoing looting of Iraq’s cultural heritage
- Israel: Preliminary damage assessment report: Israel heritage after the 2006 war
- Italy: Environmental and monumental SOS from Florence / The work of Franco Minissi at the Roman Villa in Piazza Armerina in danger
- Japan: Appeal against the destruction of the fishing port Tomo-no-Ura (Fukuyama City, Hiroshima Prefecture) / Protest against a high-rise building near Genbaku Dome in Hiroshima
- Kenya: Mtwapa heritage site / Qorahey wells
- Lebanon: Cultural heritage threatened by the war in Lebanon 2006
- Lithuania: Lithuanian manor heritage and its protection problems
- Luxemburg: Le pont Adolphe
- Mexico: La pérdida de la arquitectura de adobe en México
- Moldova: Chisinau – A historic city in the process of disappearing
- Norway: Climate change and the effect on Norwegian World Heritage sites / Coastal heritage / Churches / Hydro power and large-scale industry in Odda
- Oman: Mirbat, Heritage at Risk
- Peru: Patrimonio en PeligroPatrimonio en Peligro / Peruvian earthquake damages
- Romania: Hope for Rosia Montana?
- Russia: 20th-century heritage at risk in Moscow and the former Soviet Union / Visual integrity of St Petersburg threatened by Gazprom project / Wooden historic houses in Tomsk, Siberia / Paintings of the dwelling houses in the Russian north (Archangel Region)
- Serbia: Protest against the demolition of the National Theatre in Subotica
- Slovakia: Bratislava – protected area of central urban district at risk / Risk from development: threats to monuments caused by ignoring valid legislation
- Spain: Toledo and its setting: World Heritage in danger / Possible impact of the Spanish high-speed train (AVE) on the Church of the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona / Sobre la incidencia del proyectado nuevo teatro, auditorio y centro cultural de Lugo en la muralla romana de la ciudad y su entorno, bien del Patrimonio Mundial / Seville: Comments on the planned construction of a skyscraper by Cesar Pelli
- Thailand: Cooperation on cultural heritage conservation
- Turkey: The effects of rehabilitation projects on historic districts in Istanbul / Modern architectural heritage at risk / Construction of dams / The remains at Ani / Adobe architecture / Hasankeyf, a site threatened by the Ilisu Dam project / The flooding of Allianoi, a Roman bath complex / Istanbul – Risks in the historic urban topography?
- United States of America: The 11 most endangered historic places in the United States
- Rock Art at risk
- Neolithic and Bronze Age lakeside settlements in the Alpine region. Threatened archaeological heritage under water and possible protection measures – examples from Switzerland and Southern Germany
- Cultural landscapes of vernacular architecture in extreme danger / Paisajes culturales de arquitectura vernácula en riesgo extremo
- The World Heritage Convention and the buffer zone
- Logistic and other factors constraining conservation of heritage sites in Antartica
Special Focus: Global Climate Change
- ICOMOS climate change initiatives: a cooperative project with international committees
- Global Climate Change: every cultural site at risk?
- Landscape heritage, biosphere change, climate change and conservation
- Archaeological heritage management, climate change and World Heritage in the 21st Century
- The effects of climate change on cultural heritage in the Polar Regions
- Case Study: Captain Robert Falcon Scott’s 1910-13 British Antarctic expedition hut at Cape Evans
- York Factory – National Historic Site of Canada, Kichewaskahikun (Cree) (“The Great House”)
- Summary of the significance of and threats to cultural resources located at the historic settlement area on Herschel Island Territorial Park of Yukon
- Impact of the climate change on the frozen tombs in the Altai Mountains
- Climate change, fire and cultural heritage in Australia
- Heritage and global climate change: summer fires in Greece. The case of Olympia
- New Orleans, Hurricane Katrina, and global climate change
Heritage at risk: ICOMOS World Report 2008-2010
on Monuments and Sites in Danger
Edited by Christoph Machat, Michael Petzet and John Ziesemer
Heritage at Risk 2008-2010 Report is a world report on monuments and sites in danger in many countries across the globe. With prefaces by the Assistant Director General for UNESCO, Francesco Bandarin, and ICOMOS President Gustavo Araoz, this sixth volume, which for the first time includes a comprehensive index of all cases or sites discussed in H@R reports published since 2000, provides a certain overview of the dangers, problems and trends regarding the protection of monuments and sites in the different regions of the world.
Reports from 40 countries illustrate the broad range of threats faced by our cultural heritage. Particular emphasis is placed this time on the consequences of recent devastating earthquakes and other natural disasters (including Chile, China, Haiti, Italy and New Zealand). In addition, there are reports on dam projects in Turkey, Pakistan and Brazil; on threats to the historic towns of Istanbul and Jeddah as well as on the Temple of Preah Vihear in Cambodia which is suffering from a border conflict. The report also informs on the measures undertaken to save the Buddhas of Bamiyan and the Buddhist monasteries of Mès Ainak in Afghanistan, endangered by a copper mining project. Besides reports on problematic new development projects in Budapest, Istanbul, St. Petersburg, Tel Aviv and Vienna, a detailed report deals with the continuing critical situation of Russian avant-garde architecture, especially in Moscow.
ICOMOS expresses its deep gratitude to Michael Petzet, former President of ICOMOS International, who after a decade as editor is handing over work on future Heritage at Risk reports to Christoph Machat, member of the Executive Committee. ICOMOS is also thankful to the German Federal Government Commissioner for Cultural Affairs and the Media for funding this edition.
The complete report can be obtained in hard copy (free, except for the postage) from the ICOMOS Documentation Centre.
Download PDF (15.23 MB)
(To order hard copies of some of these publications, please consult our catalogue or the free publications list - Pour commander des versions papiers de certaines de ces publications, veuillez consulter notre catalogue ou la liste des publications gratuites)
- ICOMOS Japan National Committee: The Great East Japan Earthquake Report on the Damage to the Cultural Heritage, Tokyo, 2011
- Report on Economics of Conservation: an appraisal of theories, principles and methods, Brussels, 1998
- Seminar on 20th Century Heritage / Séminaire sur le patrimoine du XXème siècle, Helsinki, 1995
- ICOMOS European Conference: "Authenticity and Monitoring". Cesky Krumlov, October 17-22, 1995
- Routes as part of our cultural heritage / Los itinerarios como patrimonio cultural / Les itinéraires comme patrimoine culturel, Madrid, 1994
- Archaeological remains, in situ preservation / Vestiges Archéologiques, la conservation in situ, 1994
- Architectural Preservation in Japan, 1994
- Risk Preparedness: A Management Manual for World Cultural Heritage, 1998
- Nara Conference on authenticity / Conférence de Nara sur l'authenticité, 1994
- Third International Symposium on mudbrick (adobe) preservation, Ankara, 1980
- First International Conference on the conservation of mudbrick monuments / Premier Colloque International sur la Conservation des Monuments en Brique, Yazd, Iran, 1974
- Colloque International sur la conservation et la restauration des jardins historiques / International Symposium on conservation and restoration of historic gardens , Fontainebleau, France 13-18 Sept. 1971
- 2ème Colloque International sur la protection et la restauration des jardins historiques / 2nd International Symposium on protection and restoration of historic gardens - Les Jardins de l'Islam /Islamic Gardens, Grenade, 1973
- Colloque International sur la protection et la restauration des jardins historiques / International Symposium on protection and restoration of historic gardens, Zeist, 1975
- Landscape heritage. International Symposium ICOMOS-IFLA, Prague, Lednice-Valtice, Cesky Krumlov, 1997
- Seminario Internacional: Los jardines históricos: aproximación multidisciplinaria, Buenos Aires, 2001
- Colloque sur la Conservation des Petites Villes Historiques / Symposium on the conservation of smaller historic towns, Rothenburg, 1975
- Le visage de la rue dans les cités historiques. Colloque de Lausanne 17-22 juin 1973
- Kolloquium: Der Verkehr in den historischen Stadtzentren, Graz, 1969
- Deuxième Colloque sur l'etude de la conservation, de la restauration et de la reanimation des ensembles historiques / Second Conference on the conservation, restoration and revival of areas and groups of buildings of historic interest, Tunis, 1968
- Premier Colloque sur l'etude de la conservation, de la restauration et de la reanimation des ensembles historiques / First Conference on the conservation, restoration and revival of areas and groups of buildings of historic interest, Caceras, 1967
- Eisen Architekture: Die Rolle des Eisens in der historischen Architektur der ersten Hälfte des 19. Jahrunderts / The role of iron in the historic architecture in the first half of the 19th Century, Bad Ems; 1978
- Eisen Architekture: Die Rolle des Eisens in der historischen Architektur der zweiten Hälfte des 19. Jahrunderts / The role of iron in the historic architecture in the second half of the 19th Century, Bad Ems, 1981
- Rakennettu aika - Suomen Osasto 25 Vuotta = Built time - ICOMOS Finnish National Committee 25th Anniversary, ICOMOS Finland, 1993
- A study report on doctrinal texts of cultural heritage conservation, Tokyo: Japan ICOMOS, 1999.
- Information as an instrument for protection against war damages to the cultural heritage. Report from a Seminar, ICOMOS Sweden, The Central Board of National Antiquities and the Swedish National Commission for UNESCO. Stockholm: UNESCO, 1994
- Etude sur la photogrammetrie appliquée aux monuments historiques / Application of photogrammetry to historic monuments, Saint-Mande, 1968
- Colloques sur l'alteration des pierres / Conferences on the weathering of stones, Bruxelles/Brussels, 25-26 fevrier 1966 ; 20-21 decembre 1967
- Zaryn, Aleksandra. ICOMOS, zarys dzialalnosci i wybór dokumentów = The outline of activities and selected documents, Warszawa: Ministerstwo Kultury i Sztuki, Osrodek Dokumentacji Zabytków, 1980 (ICOMOS Poland)
- Zaryn, Aleksandra. ICOMOS, zarys dzialalnosci i wybór dokumentów. Czesc II = The outline of activities and selected documents. Part II, Warszawa: Ministerstwo Kultury i Sztuki, Osrodek Dokumentacji Zabytków, 1989 (ICOMOS Poland)
- Comité National Hellénique de l'ICOMOS - Colloque de Thessalonique 3-10 octobre 1973: Colloque sur la protection et la reanimation des villages historiques menacés par l'industrie, le developpement des villes et par l'abandon des methodes traditionnelles de l'agriculture . Chambre Technique de Grèce - Comité National Hellénique de l'ICOMOS
- Section Nationale Suisse de l'ICOMOS: Colloque régional - L'architecte et les artisans de la restauration des monuments, mission et collaboration, (Genève, 5-6 Octobre 1979)
- Symposium ICOMOS CSSR 1971: Premier colloque sur les problèmes posé par la sauvegarde de l'architecture populaire. Bratislava: Slovensky ústav pamiatkovej starostlivosti a ochrany prírody, 1976. (Monumentorum tutela - Ochrana pamiatok n° 9)
- A note on the authenticity of historic timber buildings with particular reference to Japan, Larsen, Knut Einar.(Occassional papers for the World Heritage Convention). Paris: ICOMOS, 1992.
- Conservation of wooden monuments. Proceedings of the ICOMOS Wood Committee, IV International Symposium, Canada, June 1982
- Wood Committee - Compte-rendu du V Colloque International / Proceedings of the V International Symposium, Norvège / Norway 1983. Alvheim & Eide Ovre Ervik: ICOMOS, 1984
- Colloques sur la conservation du bois / Symposia on the conservation of wood, Stockholm, 11-14 Mai 1977; Troyes, 16-19 Mai 1979
- Colloque sur l'alteration du bois / Symposium on the weathering of wood, Ludwigsburg, Allemagne/Germany 8-11 VI 1969. Paris: ICOMOS, 1969.
- Colloque sur les Monuments et la Societé / Symposium on Monuments and Society, Leningrad, URSS / USSR, 2-8 septembre 1969. Paris: ICOMOS, 1971.
- Colloque sur les problèmes que pose l'humidité dans les monuments anciens / Conference on the problems of moisture in historic monuments, Roma, 11-14 October 1967. Paris: ICOMOS, 1969
- Colloque sur le Centre de Documentation de l'ICOMOS / Conference on the ICOMOS Documentation Centre, Brussels, 13-15 December 1966. ICOMOS, 1969
- Proceedings of the 2nd International Congress of Architects and Technicians of Historical Monuments, Venezia, 25-31 Maggio 1964
Guidelines for the Heritage@Risk Report
Heritage at Risk: ICOMOS World Report on Monuments and Sites in Danger
Heritage at Risk: ICOMOS World Report on Monuments and Sites in Danger is produced regularly to assist in understanding and monitoring the health/state of cultural heritage through the active contribution of reports by the ICOMOS network of members, National and International Scientific Committees.
It is complementary to existing ICOMOS initiatives such as:
- ICORP - the International Committee on Risk Preparedness which has been established to develop professional guidance on risk management as an integral part of conservation practice; and
- ICBS - the International Committee of the Blue Shield of which ICOMOS is a founding partner, which co-ordinates response actions between the major cultural heritage NGOs to emergencies and disasters affecting heritage.
Who is it for?
The Report is not only conceived as a vehicle to share, among professional colleagues, information about risks to cultural heritage and to identify emerging conservation solutions. It is also a vehicle for analysing trends affecting cultural heritage worldwide that are of interest to a much broader audience.
It is distributed to international organisations and media by the ICOMOS Secretariat, with appropriate media releases. National and Scientific Committees are responsible for its distribution to relevant media and national organisations, government and key stakeholders.
How is it produced?
The production of the Report is the responsibility of a Taskforce of at least three mandated members of the ICOMOS Board. The Taskforce ensures the production of the report, with the support of an editorial board and a project manager who is responsible for:
- collecting and collating reports and illustrations
- editing reports to ensure the quality of the language (refer Styleguide) without changing the meaning or facts of the report.
- co-ordinating communication with the Taskforce and other individuals or groups as appropriate (e.g. the ICOMOS Secretariat Director)
- overseeing the print production.
The Report will be produced regularly.
The common language used for the publication of the Report is English. There may also be versions in the other languages of ICOMOS (accompanied by Abstracts in English).
The Report is an ICOMOS product. It includes all reports produced through a consultative process, and authorised by ICOMOS National and/or International Scientific Committees. It can also include authorised reports submitted by partner organisations of ICOMOS.
Where there is no National ICOMOS Committee, an ICOMOS member may submit a report that can be considered for publication by the Taskforce. In exceptional cases individual reports from other professional specialists will be considered after review by a member of the ICOMOS Board.
Where a report is received which is not from the National Committee, it will be submitted to the relevant National ICOMOS Committee for comment, before being considered for publication by the Taskforce.
What material is expected?
All National and International Scientific Committees are responsible for submission of a report for each Report in due time and according to the following general guidelines. The format and content may depend on circumstances relevant to a committee in a given year. The following is intended, therefore, as a general guideline and not a prescribed formula.
Length: Usually reports are around 3 pages of text
Format: Electronic only - in either word or rtf format (newspaper articles can be scanned as PDF documents).
- Progress report on matters reported in the previous year's publication
- Analysis and overview of threats to heritage in the reporting year
- Illustrative case studies (2 or 3)
- Solutions to these threats, ideas that are emerging
- Heritage is broadly defined: buildings, sites, landscapes, neighbourhoods, parks, traditional activities and values etc.
- Threats are also broad in their scope, and include human-made threats (from development to armed conflict) and natural events.
References: Necessary references or sources should be included at the end of the text
Contact Information: Contact for further information (e.g. email/web address) should be included
- A selection of images (2-3 minimum) from which some examples could be chosen
- Preferably hard copy, Black & White prints or well-contrasted colour pictures (photocopies of illustrations cannot be used)
- Saved as .JPG files, not .TIF
- All illustrations to be accompanied by captions
- If authority to reproduce is required this must be provided with the illustration
- Photographic credits must be provided
- Tables, graphs etc. should be suitable to be reproduced in ONE colour
Authorship: Indicate if authorship is to be accredited to an individual, the committee, or individual/s on behalf of the committee
To ensure that the Heritage at Risk Report is current and relevant, all material must be submitted to the Editor three months before its publication.
Further Information & Queries
All queries should be directed through the ICOMOS Secretariat.
Prepared by Sheridan Burke, Dinu Bumbaru, Jane Harrington & Michael Petzet
(Dubrovnik - October 2001, updated December 2015)