EU primary legislation
The organs of the EU have only those competencies which have been attributed to them in the treaties (the principle of attributed powers). The regulatory capacities of the European Union are currently limited to the development of supportive measures:
Article 167 (ex 151 and 128) - Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. "…the European Parliament and the Council acting in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and after consulting the Committee of the Regions, shall adopt incentive measures, excluding any harmonisation of the laws and regulations of the Member States…"
Article 36 (ex 95) - Treaty on the European Union - This articles opens for Member States to have other rules than those that follow from a directive, where this is necessary to preserve for example national treasures of (amongst others) historic values.
EU secondary legislation
2013/743/EU - Council Decision of 3 December 2013 establishing the specific programme implementing Horizon 2020 - the Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (2014-2020)
1295/2013/EU - Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013 establishing the Creative Europe Programme (2014 to 2020)
1352/2008/EC - Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 amending Decision No 1855/2006/EC establishing the Culture Programme (2007 to 2013)
1855/2006/EC - Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 December 2006 establishing the Culture Programme (2007 to 2013)
2011/711/EU - Commission Recommendation of 27 October 2011 on the digitisation and online accessibility of cultural material and digital preservation
2011/831/EU - Council Decision of 1 December 2011 on the practical and procedural arrangements for the appointment by the Council of four members of the European panel for the European Union action for the European Heritage Label
1194/2011/EU - Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 November 2011 establishing a European Union action for the European Heritage Label
2010/238/EU - Commission Recommendation of 26 April 2010 on the research joint programming initiative Cultural Heritage and Global Change: a new challenge for Europe
2001/C73/04 - Council resolution of 12 February 2001 on architectural quality in urban and rural environments
94/C235/01 - Council conclusions of 17 June 1994 on drawing up a Community action plan in the field of cultural heritage
86/C320/01 - Resolution of the Ministers with responsibility for Cultural Affairs, meeting within the Council of 13 November 1986 on the protection of Europe's architectural heritage
75/65/EEC - Commission Recommendation of 20 December 1974 to Member States concerning the protection of the architectural and natural heritage
List of relevant Assembly texts on the protection of cultural heritage and landscape:
Resolution 1924 (2013) Industrial heritage in Europe
Recommendation 2001 (2012) Protection of and access to the audiovisual cultural heritage
Resolution 1883 (2012) Jewish cemeteries
Recommendation 1942 (2010) A balanced approach to the rescuing of archaeological finds from development projects
Resolution 1638 (2008) and Recommendation 1851 (2008) Crafts and cultural heritage conservation skills
Recommendation 1730 (2005) The private management of cultural property
Recommendation 1651 (2004) Ending the plundering of African cultural objects
Resolution 1355 (2003) Tax incentives for cultural heritage conservation
Recommendation 1486 (2000) Maritime and fluvial cultural heritage
Recommendation 1465 (2000) “Europe, a common heritage” – a Council of Europe campaign
Recommendation 1173 (1992) Preservation of libraries and scientific archives in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe
Recommendation 1172 (1992) Situation of the cultural heritage in Central and Eastern Europe
Resolution 916 (1989) Redundant religious buildings
Recommendation 1043 (1986) Europe's linguistic and literary heritage
Recommendation 1042 (1986) Protecting the cultural heritage against disasters
Recommendation 987 (1984) European pilgrim routes
Recommendation 921 (1981) Metal detectors and archaeology
Recommendation 898 (1980) Memorials
Created in 1999, the Raymond Lemaire Fund aims at raising funds for the training of young heritage professionals. Professor Raymond Lemaire, one of the founders of ICOMOS, attached the greatest importance to training young professionals and welcoming them into the ICOMOS family.
Since 1981, at every General Assembly, ICOMOS has awarded the Piero Gazzola Prize to a person or group of persons who has worked with distinction towards the objectives of ICOMOS. In 1999, the General Assembly in Mexico passed Resolution 29, which envisaged complementing this Prize by the creation of an International Fund named after Raymond Lemaire designed to raise funds for training young heritage professionals.
Endorsed in March 2008 by the Executive Committee, the Fund was launched during the Forum for young professionals held at the 16th General Assembly that year, among other with the generous support of the children of Raymond Lemaire.
The objective is to offer bursaries and to establish cooperation arrangements with training organisations, to enable young heritage professionals throughout the whole world to take part in post-graduate courses or traineeships in conservation and restoration. The Fund currently holds around 9300 Euros, kindly donated by individual ICOMOS members, ICOMOS Belgium, and ICOMOS experts who contributed their WMF Watch List review fees.
Criteria for attributing scholarships are being developed by the Executive Committee. A first report on the use of the Fund will be made to the 18th General Assembly, where a first bursary will be awarded.
Help us to ensure that the new generation of ICOMOS members has access to the highest qualifications!
For more information on how to make a donation see the "Support us" page
Prepare the International Day on Monuments and Sites!
In 2013, the theme is Heritage of Education (schools, universities, libraries, academies, etc.) in its expressions in different geo-cultural contexts.
Throughout history and in different geo-cultural contexts, education was practised in a wide range of places or buildings. Open spaces, agora or the protective shadow of a tree could be useful for the transmission of knowledge, but also specific institutional buildings such as schools, universities, madrasas, academies, libraries, monasteries, etc.
Many of those buildings, groups of buildings or sites are recognised as bearing not only social or institutional values but also historic or artistic ones, and have therefore become a significant part of our cultural heritage.
The protection and conservation of the heritage of education not only implies preserving cultural assets but also, at the same time, celebrating education as one of the fundamental human tasks.
Picture: Early professor and poet of the University of Salamanca, Spain © Shiraz Chakera / Flickr