Les objectifs et le rôle des comités scientifiques internationaux sont précisés dans les Principes d'Eger-X'ian, document de travail adopté lors de la 15e Assemblée générale de l'ICOMOS en 2005.
« Les Comités [scientifiques] internationaux (CSI) sont pour l'ICOMOS le moyen de rassembler, développer et servir ses membres dans le monde entier dans ses domaines d'intérêt spécialisés. L'ICOMOS invite les CSI à être au cœur de la recherche et des échanges scientifiques dans leurs domaines et à partager leurs connaissances afin de favoriser une approche multidisciplinaire de la protection et de la gestion du patrimoine, dans l'accomplissement des objectifs de l'ICOMOS comme indiqué à l'article 5.b . de ses statuts: « Recueill[ir], approfond[ir] et diffus[er] les informations concernant les principes, les techniques et les politiques de sauvegarde, de conservation, de protection, d'animation, d'utilisation et de mise en valeur des monuments, ensembles et sites. »
- ISCARSAH - Comité international pour l'analyse et la restauration des structures du patrimoine architectural
- ISCEAH - Comité international sur le patrimoine de l’architecture en terre
- CIAV - Comité international sur l’architecture vernaculaire
- CAR - Comité international pour l'art rupestre
- IIWC - Comité international du bois
- CIPA – Comité International pour la Documentation du patrimoine
- ISCEC - Comité international sur l'économie de la conservation
- ISCES - Comité scientifique international sur l'énergie et le développement durable
- ICAHM - Comité international de la gestion du patrimoine archéologique
- ICIP - Comité international sur l’interprétation et présentation des sites culturels patrimoniaux
- CIIC - Comité international des itinéraires culturels
- CIF - Comité international pour la formation
- IcoFort – Comité international sur les fortifications et le patrimoine militaire
- ISCSBH - Comité international sur le patrimoine bâti partagé
- ICICH - Comité international sur le patrimoine culturel immatériel
- ICUCH– Comité international du patrimoine culturel subaquatique
- IPHC - Comité international pour le patrimoine historique polaire
- ICOMOS – IFLA - Comité international des paysages culturels
- ISC20C – Comité Scientifique International sur le patrimoine du 20e siècle
- Comité international pour les peintures murales
- ISCS - Comité scientifique international de la pierre
- ICORP - Comité international sur la préparation aux risques
- ICLAFI - Comité international sur les questions légales, administratives et financières
- Comité International sur la théorie et la philosophie de la Conservation et de la Restauration
- ICTC – Comité International sur le tourisme culturel
- CIVVIH – Comité international des villes et villages historiques
- ISCV- Comité international sur le vitrail
- ISCARSAH - International Committee on Analysis and Restoration of Structures of Architectural Heritage
ISCARSAH is dedicated to the study of the structural aspects of the architectural heritage. Its main aim is to promote the contribution of structural engineering in the study, conservation and restoration of heritage constructions, so that a full understanding of materials, morphology and structural response become an intrinsic part of conservation practice. ISCARSAH aims also at establishing, and regularly updating, guidelines or recommendations for the analysis and restoration of structures of architectural heritage and to disseminate the knowledge and experience acquired at the international level. ISCARSAH also cooperates in missions related to the study and conservation of heritage structures, in particular those endangered or affected by natural disasters.
- ICAHM - International Committee on Archaeological Heritage Management
ICAHM was established in 1990 to promote international cooperation in the field of archaeological heritage management and to advise ICOMOS on archaeological heritage management issues. ICAHM provides a forum for the interchange of knowledge and research among archaeologists, other professionals, and decision makers involved in the management of archaeological resources. ICAHM adheres to the goals and objectives of ICOMOS and the Eger-Xi’an principles.
Web site: www.icomos.org/icahm
- ISCCL - ICOMOS-IFLA International Committee on Cultural Landscapes
The ICOMOS-IFLA International Committee is a joint committee between ICOMOS and IFLA (International Federation of Landscape Architects). It operates on an international basis as an International Scientific Committee of ICOMOS.
Its aim is to promote understanding, conservation and wise use of landscape heritage for public and private benefit, and with the general purpose of sustaining and improving the quality of life. It operates on the basis of a 3-year program, the period between the General Assemblies of ICOMOS.
It is particularly interested in the historical and cultural (human) dimensions of landscapes and also in promoting an integrated and holistic approach towards thinking about them and making decisions concerning them. In this approach, the natural dimension is fully recognized. The Committee is interested in both the physical (tangible) and the mental (intangible) aspects of landscapes.
The Committee uses the word ‘landscape’ to mean landscapes of all kinds, including for example, uncultivated landscapes; cultivated rural landscapes; urbanized and industrialized landscapes; designed ornamental landscapes, parks and gardens; and the outdoor settings of buildings, structures, monuments and sites.
The Committee provides specialist guidance and advice; it promotes education, training, research, and the raising of awareness. It seeks to reach the professional sector, the academic sector and the general public, and it welcomes opportunities to work in co-operation with other organizations. The Committee operates through correspondence; discussions at its meetings; publications and communications; and the organization of special meetings, including conferences, workshops and site visits, for example.
The Committee advises ICOMOS on all matters relating to the conservation of cultural landscapes, including those that are nominated or designated as World Heritage sites. It can also co-operate with other committees of ICOMOS and IFLA, correspond with them and provide guidance.
The Committee, where it can, will nominate representatives who can participate in discussions, meetings, conferences, events of other kinds and projects that are organized by others and prepare reports and written answers to questions.
Web site: www.icomos.org/landscapes
- CIIC - International Committee on Cultural Routes
The need for the establishment of the CIIC arose with the emergence of routes as a new category of heritage, which the World Heritage nomination of the Camino de Santiago brought to the centre stage of international attention.
A first meeting in November 1994 contributed to, but did not totally achieve, the task of delineating and defining this new category and establishing an appropriate methodology. Due to this, a group of ICOMOS members from very diverse regions of the world began to work on this topic, resulting in the creation of the CIIC in 1998. As a result of their intensive efforts and a long process of international consultations, the CIIC has developed a definition and a methodology, which is reflected in its current project for a Charter on Cultural Routes.
When the Committee was established, cultural routes were a new discipline, and one in which experts were scarce. Thus, the CIIC has had a major role in expanding this new expertise to all areas of the world.
Cultural routes are documented in a systematic manner and registered in a database maintained by the CIIC. The CIIC has also willingly cooperated with other ICOMOS International Committees to help them identify and document heritage sites within the multi-disciplinary context of cultural routes.
- ICTC - International Cultural Tourism Committee
The ICOMOS International Cultural Tourism Committee (ICTC) promotes the development of international best practice management for tourism on heritage sites and historic places. Consistent with the objectives of ICOMOS, ICTC encourages the conservation community, especially those who manage heritage places, to present their sites to visitors and communicate the significance of the place in an open, informative and attractive manner.
The Committee concentrates its activities in several main areas: annual workshops that address cultural tourism management issues of relevance to the international conservation community; participation in selected international missions to review the cultural tourism activities on World Heritage sites; prepare heritage places for future cultural tourism or undertake training missions for site managers and preparing publications that advance policy directions in the field.
Web site: http://www.icomos-ictc.org/
- ISCEAH - International Committee on Earthen Architectural Heritage
ISCEAH focuses on the earthen architectural heritage. For the purposes of ISCEAH, earthen architectural heritage is defined as the architectural, archaeological and cultural landscape heritage constructed of unfired clay-/soil-based materials.
The goals of ISCEAH are a level of substantial activity and a broad membership ready to share experiences and contribute to the development of better practice and methods for the protection and conservation of the world’s earthen architectural, archaeological and cultural landscape heritage.
The objectives of the scientific program of ISCEAH are focused on the following broad themes:
1) conserving and studying the standing, and perhaps in use, architectural heritage;
2) conserving and studying the earthen archaeological environment;
3) cooperating in the process of understanding the historic/traditional techniques of earthen structures through research into materiality, including its impact on new earthen construction;
4) researching the contribution of earthen architectural heritage to cultural landscapes and its relation to the intangible heritage and living traditions; and
5) researching ancient/historic a-seismic techniques and using these in addition to current research to inform retrofitting of existing structures and appropriate new construction.
- ISEC - International Committee on Economics of Conservation
The major task of the Committee is to analyze and improve the state of the art of the “Economics of Conservation of Cultural Heritage”, so as to develop new guidelines and suggestions for sustainable integrated conservation plans, programmes and projects.
Cultural heritage has an increasing role in urban sustainable development strategies: sustainability, creativity and cultural heritage are considered to be strictly linked.
The Committee will collect examples of “best practices” for integrated conservation in view of developing a specific database for improving tools and approaches from a multidimensional perspective.
The Committee is currently developing its website.
- ISCES - International Scientific Committee On Energy & Sustainability
The Committee’s objectives are to:
(a) promote awareness of the conservation of heritage places as part of the conservation of the world’s scarce resources, and of the energy conservation and sustainability inherent in heritage places;
(b) serve as a body of international experts in the application of energy conservation and sustainability principles in the conservation of heritage places;
(c) collate, disseminate and promote research in the area of energy conservation and sustainable development affecting heritage places;
(d) provide a forum for discussion and for the exchange of information, regionally and internationally, on matters of principle and of technical, legal and administrative practice affecting the application of energy conservation and sustainability principles to the conservation of heritage places;
(e) provide information for governments, the general public and political organisations about the application of energy conservation and sustainability principles in the conservation of heritage places.
- IcoFort - International Committee on Fortifications and Military Heritage
Constituted in February 2005, IcoFort is concerned not only with the structures built for military purposes, but also with the landscapes of military and naval actions as well as commemorative monuments both of defense and conflicts. In addition, the heritage associated with such sites and monuments is of interest to IcoFort given the significance of conflict in shaping human societies and their technologies. Since its formation, IcoFort has held two international meetings and has a triennial action plan 2005-2008. The Committee is especially focusing on building institutional links and attracting members in order to encourage collaborative research on fortifications, in particular in view of their preservation and restoration.
Web site: icofort.icomos.org
- CIPA - International Committee on Heritage Documentation
CIPA – Heritage Documentation is a joint committee set up by ICOMOS and the International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS). It ensures liaison and co-operation between ICOMOS and ISPRS.
CIPA's objective is to promote recording, documentation and the study of the status and changes of cultural objects, monuments, groups of buildings, their associated environments, villages, towns, sites and cultural landscapes by means of further development of applications of photography, photogrammetry and related disciplines and techniques (such as building surveying, remote sensing, 3d laser scanning, CAD, data bank organisation, information systems, aerial and geophysical prospecting, and visualisation).
CIPA actively pursues programmes which define research needs, stimulate and support research activity, and increase exchange and dissemination of relevant information in order to promote greater understanding in the field. CIPA holds regular Symposia, and promotes international co-operation in the domain of heritage documentation.
Web site: http://cipa.icomos.org
- CIVVIH - International Committee on Historic Towns and Villages
The International Committee on Historic Towns and Villages was founded by the ICOMOS Executive Committee during its meeting of 12 December 1982.
The goals of the Committee are to further the knowledge and the principles for the conservation of historic towns, villages and ensembles; to promote the integration of conservation in the planning process; to raise interest in the conservation of historic towns, villages and ensembles; to facilitate the exchange of experience in relevant areas; to encourage training, research and publications in relevant areas and to provide technical assistance in relevant areas.
The Committee meets annually and publishes its proceedings.
- ICIP - International Committee on Interpretation and Presentation
The aim of the Committee on Interpretation and Presentation is to define the basic objectives and principles of site interpretation and presentation in relation to techniques and application of technologies, authenticity, intellectual integrity, social responsibility, and respect for cultural significance and context.
Focusing on the experiential dimension of visits to cultural heritage sites, particularly by means of various media and methods of public communication, the Committee seeks to study the evolving technologies and techniques of public interpretation and presentation, evaluating their potential to enrich contemporary historical discourse and to heighten sensitivity to the universal values and particular modes of human expression embodied in cultural heritage sites.
- ICICH - International Committee on Intangible Cultural Heritage
The objectives of ICICH are, consistent with the aims of ICOMOS to:
- promote international cooperation in the identification, study and solution of issues related to the ethical identification, protection, interpretation, and management of the intangible cultural associations attributed to monuments and sites.
- co-operate with the International Scientific Committees of ICOMOS in reviewing doctrinal documents as well as management and conservation practices, in light of the role of intangible attributes in the significance and values of cultural heritage sites.
- advise ICOMOS on any role it may have in the implementation of, or other activities associated with UNESCO’s International Convention on Intangible Cultural Heritage
- To advise ICOMOS on the role of intangible attributes in the role it plays in implementation of other UNESCO Conventions and international treaties, such as the World Heritage Convention and The Hague Convention.
ICICH carries out its activities within the framework of a triennial programme through, among other, conferences, workshops and other means for direct inter-personal exchanges, study visits, publications, specialist advisory services to ICOMOS and others.
Web site: icich.icomos.org
- ICLAFI - International Committee on Legal, Administrative and Financial Issues
The objectives of the Committee are to promote international cooperation among experts in the identification, study and solution of legal, administrative and financial issues in connection with the recognition, protection, maintenance and conservation of monuments, groups of buildings and sites. The activities to accomplish its objective shall include in particular scientific conferences and workshops in conjunction with the meetings of the Committee, study visits, and publications. Additionally, the Committee provides advice and counsel on legal, administrative and financial issues to the General Assembly, Executive Committee, and the National and Scientific Committees.
ICLAFI meets annually and publishes the proceedings of its meetings.
Web site: www.icomos-iclafi.org
- International Committee on mural (Wall) Paintings
The main objective of the Committee is to promote international co-operation in the identification, protection and conservation of Wall Paintings, among other, by:
- Stimulating international interest in painted cultural heritage, and its conservation, among government and private institutions, art historians, conservationists and the general public;
- Establishing links on the one hand between art historians, archaeologists, and conservationists, and on the other hand researchers, experts, training institutions and research institutions working in the field of Wall Paintings;
- Promoting the systematic inventorying and documentation of the Wall Painting Cultural Heritage;
- Initiating and co-ordinating applied research activities in the field of Wall Paintings and their conservation;
- The sharing of experience and expertise in the conservation and management of Wall Paintings Heritage;
No website at the moment.
- IPHC - International Polar Heritage Committee
The IPHC was created on 1st November 2000. Its secretariat is based in Norway. The objectives of the IPHC are to promote international co-operation in the protection and conservation of non-indigenous heritage in the Arctic and Antarctic; to consult and co-operate with Arctic indigenous peoples regarding heritage of cross cultural significance; to provide a forum for interchange of experience, ideas, knowledge and the results of research between administrators, archaeologists, conservators, historians, legislators and other professionals; to promote international studies and projects; and to expand technical co-operation by fostering links with specialised institutions.
A guiding principle for the work of the International Polar Heritage Committee is that “all evidence of previous human activity in the polar areas has a potential significance for the documentation and the understanding of the history of these areas and should be expertly assessed with an eye to possible designation as a cultural heritage site before being altered or removed”. It is hoped that by applying this principle, unnecessary loss of valuable cultural heritage information due to hasty decision-making will be avoided.
Web site: www.polarheritage.com
- ICORP - International Committee on Risk Preparedness
The goals of the Committee are to enhance the state of preparedness within the heritage institutions and professions in relation to disasters of natural or human origin, and to promote the better integration of the protection of heritage structures, sites or areas into the national, local as well as international disaster management, preparedness planning, mitigation and relief operations. Through the sharing of experience and the development of a professional network, the Committee aims to stimulate and support activities by ICOMOS National and International committees to improve risk preparedness in their field. ICORP is also available to support ICOMOS in its actions related to risk and heritage, in particular its role as founding partner of the International Committee of the Blue Shield. (The Committee and its description will be reviewed in 2007.
No website at the moment.
- CAR - International Committee on Rock Art
The aim of the Rock Art Committee is to promote international co-operation and to provide advice to ICOMOS and to UNESCO organs on their activities in the field of rock art. CAR initiates and co-ordinates world-wide actions in favour of the knowledge, the protection and rehabilitation of humankind’s rock art heritage, through activities and interventions aimed at raising the awareness of States to this heritage; by promoting international co-operation in this field; by establishing links between researchers and specialists; by providing advice to international organisations; by promoting and producing publications; by creating a world inventory of rock art; by developing traditional methods and modern digital techniques for documentation and preservation of rock art, including those which are inexpensive, non-tactile and non-intrusive, as well as protective devices. CAR has developed a draft “Charter for Rock Art” in view of its ratification as an ICOMOS doctrinal text. Furthermore, in co-operation with ICOMOS international and the UNESCO World Heritage Centre, the Committee is developing a series of Regional Thematic Studies and Pre-Nomination Guidelines as new tools to ensure a better representation of rock art sites on the Word Heritage List in future.
No website at the moment.
- ISCSBH - International Scientific Committee on Shared Built Heritage
The International Scientific Committee on Shared Built Heritage is relatively young. Started as a Scientific Committee on Shared Colonial Architecture and Town Planning in 1998, it changed its name into Shared Built Heritage in 2003 as part of a broadening of its objectives.
The Committee was founded to promote awareness of the need to share the appreciation and the responsibility for built heritage. Created by different peoples, from different countries, with diverse cultural, religious and social backgrounds, in many cases this shared built heritage became a fundamental part of the national heritage and was responsible for the identity of people and nations. In other cases, it has been neglected and is threatened with destruction.
Our main objective is to promote an integrated approach to conservation, which means the revitalising of dilapidated, historically valuable built-up areas and landscapes by reusing the existing building stock and infrastructure, as far as it is acceptable from a social and economic point of view.
To achieve this goal, SBH is organising professional workshops, symposiums and conferences dealing with its principal objective. The first conference was held in Melaka (Malaysia) in 2003.
In Melaka we discussed the treatment of built heritage which was shared between Asia and Europe. The upcoming workshop will have a much wider focus, but it is intended that issues of shared built heritage in Africa should achieve a wider airing.
- International Committee for Stained Glass
The aim of the Committee is to organize International Forums on the Conservation and Technology of Historic Stained Glass on a regular basis; to constitute a network and a forum, within which many different forms of co-operation take place; to advise those responsible for the preservation of historic monuments - and other groups in charge of the conservation of historic stained glass and undertake expert services; to inform about current research within this network.
No website at the moment.
- ISCS - International Scientific Committee for Stone
The International Scientific Committee for Stone aims to promote the knowledge and the preservation of stone materials in cultural heritage, in accordance with ICOMOS´ objectives of international co-operation. The Committee has publishedin 2008 a glossary of Stone Deterioration terms entitled: "An internet-accessible multilingual illustrated glossary on stone deterioration."
- International Committee on Theory and Philosophy of Conservation and Restoration
The aim of the Committee – consistent with ICOMOS’ objective of international cooperation – is to explore the basis and framework of conservation, restoration and preservation theory and practice in the globalized world. With these developments in mind, the Committee hopes to achieve the ambitious goal of analyzing recent problems and suggesting appropriate proposals, perhaps even answers.
The activities of the Committee in the field of conservation and restoration can include examining the existing corpus of documents and scientific studies; identifying needs and uncovered areas of interest; developing ideas and visions for the future; cooperating with other ICOMOS committees and scientific units of other institutions (such as UNESCO, ICCROM and ICOM) in order to establish an integrated theoretical basis for the preservation of cultural heritage.
No website at the moment.
- CIF - International Training Committee
The purpose of the Committee is to promote international cooperation in the field of training and education in the protection, conservation and revalorization of monuments and sites, and the built heritage in general, in order to advance greater understanding in the recognition of such heritage, technology, management, and doctrine, and to advise on the development of ICOMOS programmes, in this field.
The Committee shall accomplish its objectives by providing a forum for the exchange of experience, ideas, knowledge, and the results of different research between trainers and researchers, by:
1. endorsing the collection and dissemination of information about existing training programmes;
2. encouraging further studies and development in training and education in subjects related to heritage conservation;
3. developing scientific cooperation by creating links with schools, centres, committees and international organizations involved in conservation training and education.
The activities of the Committee shall be consistent with the goals and objectives of ICOMOS, and may include the organization of meetings, the preparation of publications, and other activities, either directly or in collaboration with national and international organizations. The Committee may undertake regional activities.
- ICUCH - International Committee on Underwater Cultural Heritage
The aims of the Committee are to: stimulate international interest in the conservation of the world's underwater cultural heritage among government and private institutions, practitioners and the general public; promote the systematic inventorying of the world's underwater cultural heritage; develop and promote effective strategies for the conservation, management and presentation of the world's underwater cultural heritage; promote improved methods and standards for the location, exploration, recording and intervention in underwater cultural heritage sites; establish standards for the training and qualification of practitioners involved with the conservation and management of underwater cultural heritage sites; and share experience and expertise in the conservation and management of underwater cultural heritage sites.
- CIAV - International Committee for Vernacular Architecture
CIAV’s objective is to promote the identification, study, protection and conservation of Vernacular Architecture, in keeping with ICOMOS’ objective to foster international co-operation. CIAV forms an international network that defines, improves and promotes conservation principles, standards, research, responsible practice, innovation and knowledge about the built vernacular heritage. According to its strategy established in the year 2000, CIAV’s aims are: to offer a global view on the conservation of the vernacular heritage; to provide a forum for the examination of the built vernacular heritage and to provide specialists with advice on the conservation of the vernacular heritage.
- IWC - International Wood Committee
Established in 1975, the International Wood Committee aims to promote international cooperation in the field of preservation of wood in buildings and structures and to advise on the development of ICOMOS programmes in this field. IIWC shall accomplish its objective by providing a forum for the exchange of experience, ideas, knowledge, and the results of research between administrators, architects, engineers, historians, legislators, and other professionals. Furthermore, IIWC aims to coordinate existing studies; to promote further studies; to extend technical cooperation; and to establish links with specialized institutions or industrial organizations in the appropriate fields. The activities of IIWC include the organization of meetings, the preparation of publications, and the gathering and dissemination of information.
- ISC20C - International Scientific Committee on 20th Century Heritage
The 20th Century Heritage Committee was formed in 2005 and aims to promote the value and conservation of heritage of the Twentieth Century and its creators; and to develop activities to support the active conservation of Twentieth Century Heritage. In future, this may include a Charter, guidelines, criteria; currently the committee work includes Twentieth Century Heritage at Risk reports, scientific meetings and activities with other interested bodies, such as Docomomo, mAAN and UIA. We also aim to actively contribute to the archive of Twentieth Century Heritage, for example, through collecting oral history, video interviews with relevant heritage professionals etc. A Principles agreement has been made with Docomomo and a formal co-operation agreement has recently been struck with UIA concerning collaboration on issues of mutual interest in Twentieth Century Heritage conservation.
An important role for the new committee will be the provision of advice to ICOMOS on matters relating to Twentieth Century Heritage and the World Heritage Convention.
The committee will sustain and further ICOMOS’s long term interests in Twentieth Century heritage, acting as a permanent international and multidisciplinary group of ICOMOS experts addressing the conservation issues affecting Twentieth Century Heritage; facilitating international collaboration and disseminating the knowledge thus acquired. We look forward to working with many interested individuals and groups and to our first international conference, to be held in Chicago in June 2007.
(for the time being, available only in English - Pour l'instant, disponible uniquement en anglais)
The Scientific Council (extracts from Eger-Xi’an Principles for The International [Scientific] Committees of ICOMOS, July 2008)
1. The Council will consist of the President of each ISC or his/her designated deputy, with the allowance that the specific statutes of an ISC may ordain a different selection process for its representative to the Scientific Council. A designated deputy will be eligible for election as an officer or representative to the Executive Committee. Each Scientific Council member is entitled to one vote on matters before the Scientific Council.
2. The Council shall elect three officers from among its membership to oversee the activities of the Council. These officers shall be from different ISCs and shall be elected to three-year terms to coincide with the election of the Advisory Committee President. The officers shall distribute the duties and responsibilities among themselves as they determine to best meet the needs of the Scientific Council. The officers may co-opt other ISC members to assist them in their work.
3. The officers shall represent the interests of the ISCs in the Executive Committee of ICOMOS. Representatives shall serve as active liaisons between the Council and Executive Committee and shall communicate regularly with the members of each of the two bodies. Representatives should take a lead in raising international awareness of the capabilities of the ISCs as well as in developing strategies to support ISC activities.
4. The duties of the Scientific Council are:
a) Serve as the coordinating body of the ISCs.
b) Meet at least once a year in conjunction with, and also separate from, the annual meeting of the Advisory Committee of ICOMOS.
c) Prepare a summary annual report on ISC activities and progress made on the Scientific Plan.
d) Advise the Executive Committee on best practices and performances, as well as best use of the ISC resources, as they relate to the advisory and contractual duties of ICOMOS to UNESCO, the World Heritage Centre, ICCROM and any other international, regional or national heritage organization.
e) Develop and oversee the implementation of a 3-year Scientific Plan with a corresponding budget, and present it to the General Assembly for its adoption as part of the ICOMOS Work Programme required in Article 9 of the Statutes. The Scientific Plan shall be drafted in broad consultation with the ISC membership; it shall be multi-disciplinary in nature and will define areas and methods of inter-ISC cooperation. The Plan / Programme shall include clear objectives, a work plan, and a strategy for its completion; the budget will include the identification of existing and potential revenue sources.
f) Identify gaps among the ISC fields of specialization, and make appropriate recommendations to fill them.
g) Look for ways to render more effective and available to all of ICOMOS the expertise of the ISC members and the overall work of the ISCs, especially in the conceptualization and organization of the triennial Symposium of ICOMOS.
h) Adopt a process for the triennial performance evaluation of each ISC; carry out such evaluation; and convey its results and pertinent recommendations to the Executive Committee of ICOMOS as part of its annual report.
i) Receive, evaluate and formulate appropriate responses to requests for technical assistance from the Executive, Advisory, and National Committees of ICOMOS.
j) Receive and evaluate proposals for the formation of new ISCs and make recommendations concerning their approval to the Executive Committee of ICOMOS.
k) Formulate its own recommendation, or evaluate recommendations from others, regarding the dissolution of existing ISCs.
l) Investigate issues or complaints regarding the activities, governance, policies or performance of an ISC, and take the appropriate action to solve them, or refer them to the Executive Committee of ICOMOS.
m) Work closely with the ICOMOS Secretary General, President, Treasurer -General, and Vice President responsible for ISCs to coordinate the work of the ISCs with the ICOMOS Secretariat, and to disseminate it to the heritage community and the general public.
(for the time being, available only in English - Pour l'instant, disponible uniquement en anglais)
(extracts from Eger-Xi’an Principles for The International [Scientific] Committees of ICOMOS, July 2008)
A. General principles
1. The various membership categories in the ISCs shall be open to all members of ICOMOS, within the provisions stated below. It is the intention of ICOMOS that its ISCs continually gather a membership that will include the most recognized experts in its field of specialization, be representative of all of the world regions or pertinent regions, and recruit young or beginning professionals seeking such specialization; and that all be given ample opportunities and stimulus to become actively engaged in the work of the Committee. A structure of membership is recommended, as follows.
2. All members of the ISCs shall be familiar with the Statement of Ethical Commitment first adopted by ICOMOS in Madrid in 2002, and abide by it at all times. Failure to behave accordingly may result in dismissal.
3. All ISCs are to adopt criteria for minimum participation for all members, as well as grounds to exclude inactive members.
4. The categories of members for the ISCs will consist of the following, each with specific rights and responsibilities.
B. Expert Members
1. There are no numerical limits to the number of Expert Members in an ISC. Any member of ICOMOS with proven or established expertise in the relevant field may be an Expert Member of the Committee. It is up to each ISC to adopt minimum criteria and a transparent and well-understood methodology to assess and verify the individual competence and expertise of applicants as well as to terminate the membership of a given Expert Member. All Expert Members must be ICOMOS members and may remain members so long as they are ICOMOS members and meet the ISC criteria for participation.
2. Experts Members may be nominated by their National Committee, be self-nominated, or directly invited by the ISC. Nominations may be accepted at any time. 3 Expert Members shall have the right to participate in any aspect of the work of the committee. 4. Voting at elections of the ISC bureaux as well as on amending the ISC’s statutes will be done by Expert Members designated by the National Committee, restricted to one per state. In the event that the ISC considers the designated member to be unsatisfactory, it can appeal before the SC which will make a recommendation to the Executive Committee re that designation. All other issues and decisions shall be voted on by all Expert Members, without limitation.
C. Associate Members
1. Members of ICOMOS who wish to gain knowledge and build up an expertise in a given field through active volunteer work may apply to be an Associate Member of an ISC.
2. The ISC will select Associate Members from among the applicants. The ISCs will strive to incorporate Associate Members in their work.
3. Associate Members are conditionally accepted for a period of three years, after which time their contribution to the Committee will be evaluated using a transparent and well-understood methodology to assess their contributions to the Committee. The Associate Membership shall be: a) Extended for another similar period of time, with a maximum of three such triennial extensions, or b) Upgraded to Expert Member, or c) Rejected on the basis of no participation or unsatisfactory performance.
4. When appropriate, an ISC may ask a National Committee to designate one or more Associate Members to help build up the particular expertise in countries where such a need exists.
5. Associate Members are accorded no voting rights. -
D. Non-ICOMOS Members
Non-ICOMOS Members who can make an important contribution to the ISC may be invited to participate in committee meetings and activities and will be encouraged to apply for ICOMOS membership. Non-ICOMOS Members are accorded no voting rights. No person should be a voting member unless he/she is in good standing of ICOMOS (or the other organization where there is a joint committee e.g. ICOMOS/IFLA).
E. Institutional Members
When in the interest of ICOMOS and of an ISC, and at the ISC’s discretion, the optional category of Institutional Membership may be established as follows:
1. Institutional Members shall be institutions, academic programs, government agencies, or any other juridical entity whose work and mission are closely aligned to those of the ISC.
2. Acceptance of an Institutional Member shall be through ballots from Expert Members.
3. Institutional Memberships will be valid for one triennium, and may be renewed indefinitely for additional three-year periods.
4. An Institutional Member may designate from its staff one person with the required qualifications to be its representative and spokesperson in the Committee. The Committee may accept that individual as an Expert Member. 5. Institutional Members are accorded no voting rights. However, if the Institutional Member has a representative accepted as an Expert Member of the Committee, that Expert Member shall have the same voting rights as any other Expert Member.
F. Honorary Members
Honorary Members may be proposed for election by Expert Members of the Committee. Honorary Members may participate in all activities of the Committee. Honorary Members area accorded no voting rights. Honorary Members may use the title of: “Honorary Member, ICOMOS ***** Committee.”
ICOMOS has established scientific international committees on various cultural heritage themes and issues. Members consist of international renowned expert specialists in each subject and designated by their own national committee. The international scientific committees are ICOMOS technical bodies. As such, they undertake research, develop conservation theory, guidelines, and charters, and foster training for better heritage conservation, promote international exchange of scientific information and carry out common projects. They elaborate their own program and submit it to the Executive Committee for approval as well as their annual report of activities.
- Eger-Xi'an Principles for the International Scientific Committees of ICOMOS (updated: July 2008)
- List of International Scientific Committees
- Goals of ISC
- Addresses and contacts of ISC
- Join an Intenational Scientific Committee